How they take on water and therefore on how they react in the process

For any product that is being produced using the extrusion process; raw materials and their characteristics are the most important variable.

Grasp of why things happen as they do in the process and why the process and product being produced react as they do, can come about only when there is a basic understanding of the raw materials and how they flow, cook and potentially over-process.

Since different types of ingredients have different properties; each ingredient reacts very differently during the process and as the product’s defining characteristics are produced. For example, both starches and proteins undergo fundamental transformations during processing, but those transformations are very different from one another.

What complicates matters further is that most ingredients used in the process are a combination of the fundamental components (carbohydrates, protein, fat, etc.). So, all components are processing at the same time and undergoing a complex combination of transformations.

Insights into how raw material work in food extrusion

A fundamental understanding of the raw materials that are used, and their properties, is essential to knowing how to select raw materials during the product development phase as well as understanding how changes in raw materials are contributing to processing difficulties during production.

A webinar that is being organized by Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance, will offer understanding of these matters relating to raw materials for food extrusion processing.

Dr. Brad Strahm, who is a Principal with the XIM Group, LLC, a firm providing consulting services in the area of product development, process engineering, troubleshooting equipment engineering, and project management; will be the speaker at this webinar. to know more about this area from this expert, please register for this webinar by visiting Food Extrusion Processing

Discussion of raw materials used in extrusion

Dr. Strahm will offer fundamental food-science information about the raw materials that are typically used in the extrusion process of food products. The material covered will include information covering the structure, characteristics and cooking of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and other additives important to the food extrusion cooking process.

Dr. Strahm will talk extensively about carbohydrates, which will include extensive information about starches – the most common component in extruded food products. Other aspects such as structure, cooking requirements, selection based on flavor, appearance and texture will also be explained. The speaker will also explain other carbohydrates such as fiber and sugar and their impact on the extrusion process and on developing the functional aspects of the extruded food product.

Proteins and fats

Proteins are also very important in extruded food products, even though they react very differently and their structure is very different from that of carbohydrates. Proteins play an important role in meat analog products as well as in protein enriched foods that are popular today.

The speaker will also talk about fats, which are also an important component in extruded products and have a large lubricating effect on the process. Fats also have an important energy-dense role to play in food products. The particle size of the raw materials plays an important role in how they take on water and therefore on how they react in the process. In this discussion, Dr. Strahm will talk about particle size as well as particle size distribution and its impact on efficiently producing quality product.

Many additives that are often used in extruded products that have a large impact on the process and on the product produced will be discussed. The speaker will share a few tricks of the trade for modifying cell structure and texture with the participants.

In this webinar, which will be of high value and usefulness to professionals associated with food processing and cooking, such as Product Developers, Production Managers, Production Operators, Quality Assurance Technicians, Purchasing Agents and Maintenance Personnel; Dr. Strahm will cover the following areas:

o  Carbohydrates: starch, fiber, sugars

o  Proteins: plant and animal sources

o  Fats

o  Additives

o  Importance of particle size.

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A common technique plots the data to help detect trends, cycles, and shifts

Some of the functions of medical device manufacturers include:

o  Analyzing complaints

o  Processing data

o  Evaluating nonconformances

o  Utilizing other quality data sources.

The main purpose of this analysis, done using appropriate statistical methodology, under §820.100, is to identify the cause of nonconforming products and other quality problems. Time series analysis is one such family of these tools. Also called trending analysis, time series analysis uses visual methods to plot data over time.

A common technique plots the data to help detect trends, cycles, and shifts. The major use of these valuable methods is that they can help anticipate problems before they occur and demonstrate the effectiveness of corrective actions.

A webinar from Compliance4All on time series analysis

Dan O’Leary, President of Ombu Enterprises, LLC, a company offering training and execution in Operational Excellence, focused on analytic skills and a systems approach to operations management, will be the speaker at a webinar that analyzes time series analysis. This webinar is being organized by Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance.

Please visit methods when the data has a time based order to register for this webinar on time series analysis.

Full explanation of time series analysis

At this session, Dan will explain the graphical methods. In addition, he will also demonstrate some analysis techniques using Excel. Some special cases including data smoothing using moving averages, analysis with a lag function, and statistical process control (SPC), will be explained. By attending this webinar, participants will be able to gain understanding of time series analysis and some Excel capabilities to help perform the analysis. These tools are valuable for improvement projects and reporting information to management.

When the appropriate method is not clear, data analysis can be difficult. At this webinar, Dan will explain the methods when the data has a time based order. Excel includes functions and methods that can one can use to analyze the data and present it in a meaningful way.

Meaningful objectives

In this webinar, which will be of immense use to professionals who use statistics in their quality requirements, such as Quality Engineers, Manufacturing Engineers, Design Engineers, Data Analysts, Auditors, CA&PA Specialists, and Quality Managers; Dan will impart the following objectives:

o  Using run (trend) Charts

o  Determining a Linear Trend

o  Data Smoothing (Moving Averages and Lag Functions)

o  Using variables Control Charts(x-bar & R).

What is the legal language of the FDA form 1572 or Device equivalent?

Form FDA 1572 is one of the primary documents needed when carrying out a clinical trial. Also called the Statement of Investigator; Form FDA 1572, called just 1572 informally, is a contract between the Principal Investigator (PI) and the FDA. This form contains all details of the subjects, as well as commitments from the PI.

It is a contract in which the Principal Investigator, the person who is in charge of the clinical trial, gives an undertaking to the FDA giving it the assurance that she will comply with all the requirements set out by the regulatory agency with regard to the trial.

By signing the FDA form 1572, which relates to IND studies, or the “Statement of the Investigator, which is meant for IDE studies; the PI is submitting herself to all the appropriate regulations, as this is a legally binding document by which they commit themselves to follow all of these.

The 1572 is meant to serve two important purposes:

It is a way of helping the FDA, as well as the sponsor of the study to qualify the PI, i.e., it gives the FDA and the sponsor of the study the opportunity to understand the Principal Investigator’s qualifications and ability to carry out the research in terms with the purposes it seeks to fulfil. It is also a way to verify that the site at which the clinical study is being carried out is appropriate for the study.

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The Form FDA 1572 also has another important purpose to fulfil.  It takes an undertaking from the Principal Investigator that the requirements set out by the FDA will be met during the trial. Failure to adhere to these commitments is considered a criminal offence, as something amounting to making false statements, and is liable for legal action under the terms set out in 18 USC 1001. This form has to be submitted whenever the sponsor selects the Principal Investigator to take charge of a clinical trial that is being conducted as an investigational new drug (IND) meets the criteria set out in 21 CFR 312.53 (c).

Other documents

Further, other documents such as 21 CFR 312.50, which deals with the General Responsibilities of Investigators, 21 CFR 812.100, which deals with the Responsibilities of Investigators for Biologics, and 21 CFR 812.110, which deals with the Responsibilities of Investigators for devices, need to be adhered to.

All these documents set out the general and specific responsibilities that the Investigators have when conducting a clinical trial. These start from who can qualify to be considered a PI to what qualification criteria sub investigators and research staff need to have.

A proper understanding of Form FDA 1572

FDA Form 1572 is thus an extremely important document that needs to be complied with fully if the clinical trial has to be considered compliant with the regulatory requirements. A full understanding of all the aspects that go into this will be spelt out at a webinar that Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance, is organizing.

This webinar educates participants about the due diligence that investigators and their staff about their regulatory and legal responsibilities. Charles H. Pierce, a consultant in the Clinical Research/Drug-Device Development arena, will be the speaker at this webinar. In order to gain complete knowledge of this valuable guidance document, please enroll for this webinar by visiting signs the FDA form 1572

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There are nine statements in the FDA form 1572. Seven out of these begin with “I agree”. These are the important elements named in the 1572:

  • 21 CFR 50 (Protection of Human Subjects)
  • 21 CFR 56 (Institutional Review Boards)
  • 21 CFR 312 (Investigational New Drug Application/IND)
  • For Device studies, 21 CFR 812 (Investigational Device Exemptions/IDE) is added in place of 21 CFR 312.

The GCP Guidelines of E6 (4) and the Compliance Program Guidance Manual (CPGM) 7348.811 outline additional responsibilities. It makes sense for PI and sponsors to comply with the principles of Good Clinical Practices (GCP), and to also use their common sense.

Charles will give a proper understanding of all these at this webinar. He will cover the following areas at this webinar:

  • The Investigators role in the clinical research process
  • The difference between AEs and SAEs and the reporting requirements of the investigator
  • Why the investigator maintains a list of staff signatures?
  • Why the investigator files the signed and dated protocol?
  • Why the investigator is responsible for the IC process?
  • What is the legal language of the FDA form 1572 or Device equivalent?
  • Why is Financial Disclosure information important?

What is the history of the drug / device regulations?

Understanding and applying ICH Q3A and Q3B

The ICH Q3A and Q3B are guidances on dealing with impurities in new drug products. These documents have been issued by the FDA and are updates of earlier versions on the same topic that were prepared by the ICH, which this FDA guideline complements. This is why the documents get their name. The FDA keeps revising these documents from time to time. After every revision, the latest version carries the added taxonomy of “R” to denote that the guidance is a revised one.

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The Q3A and the Q3B are two revised guidelines that relate to impurities in drugs. Impurities can happen due to a number of reasons. These are some of them:

  • Raw materials
  • Byproducts
  • Residual solvents
  • Reagents
  • Product reactions
  • Catalysts
  • Foreign impurities
  • Product degradation

The ICH guidelines Q3A and Q3B deal with the ways of addressing organic and anorganic substances, respectively.  They both follow the principles of reporting, identification and qualification of impurities at defined limits. They both exclude impurities arising out of the excipients of drug products.

Scope of Q3A

The scope of the Q3A guideline is limited to testing of impurities in new drug substances. It concerns itself with the content and qualification of chemical substances in new drugs. It is not meant for products derived from herbal, crude, animal or plant, or semi synthetic origin. It is also not for products in the clinical trial stage or for addressing extraneous contaminants, polymorphic forms or enantiomeric impurities.

Scope of Q3B

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The scope of the Q3B guideline differs in some ways from that of Q3A. It is meant for the content or qualification of degradation products. It excludes products of all the sources that Q3A does, and additionally also excludes impurities arising from excipients or extractables/leachables of the container closure system.

Thorough and full understanding of these guidelines

It is to offer a complete and thorough knowledge of how to apply the Q3A and Q3B guidelines that Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance, will be organizing a webinar. Greg Martin, who is the President of Complectors Consulting (www.complectors.com), which provides consulting and training in the area of Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry and served as Director of Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry (R&D) for a major Pharma company for a number of years during his over 25 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry; will be the speaker at this webinar.

To gain clear insights into how these ICH/FDA guidelines apply to your laboratory or area of work, please register for this webinar by visiting Applying ICH Q3A and Q3B for Control

All about the guidelines and regulatory expectations

The objective of this webinar is to provide participants with an understanding of the regulatory expectations for controlling impurities and degradants, including DNA reactive/potential genotoxic impurities, in drug substances and drug products.

Participants who complete this course will be able to:

  • Understand regulatory expectations regarding impurities, degradants and potential genotoxic impurities in pharmaceuticals
  • Understand what specifications will conform to regulatory expectations
  • Develop a process for reporting impurities and addressing OOS situations

Greg will cover the following areas at this webinar:

  • Landscape of impurities requiring control in pharmaceutical products
    • General impurities: elemental impurities, residual solvents, microbiological
    • Drug-related impurities process impurities, degradants, potentially genotoxic impurities
  • Process Impurities
    • Understanding ICH Q3A
    • Where impurities originate
    • How impurities are characterized
    • How specifications are developed
    • How impurities should be reported
  • Degradants
    • Understanding ICH Q3B
    • Where degradants originate
    • How degradants are characterized
      • Potential genotoxic impurities
    • How specifications are developed
    • How degradants should be reported
  • Questions and discussion

Mastering budget spreadsheets in MS Excel

Cash flow budgets, preserving key formulae and streamlining formula writing are just some of the varied functions of MS Excel. This wonder program helps the user to carry out a number of functions, all of which help in facilitating business decision-making. These apart; MS Excel offers users the opportunity to explore and carry out a vast range of activities, functions and calculations.

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An expert with a quarter of a century of working in the world of Microsoft products will be explaining these and related functions of MS Excel in a clear and easy to understand manner. Why not join David Ringstrom, author and nationally recognized instructor who teaches Microsoft-related topics at scores of webinars each year, for an enlightening webinar session on the multiple uses of MS Excel?

This webinar is being organized by Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance. All that is needed to register for this highly educative and entertaining session is to visit http://www.compliance4all.com/control/w_product/~product_id=501299LIVE?Wordpress-SEO

Speaker’s rich experience at play

The major advantage that participants to this session will have is that they will learn from the honcho of Microsoft programs. David’s Excel courses are based on over 25 years of consulting and teaching experience. He believes in the mantra, “Either you work Excel, or it works you”. With this thinking in mind, he focuses on what he sees users don’t, but should, know about Microsoft Excel. His goal is to empower them to use Excel more effectively.

It is this outlook that will be of immense use to professionals such as Accountants, CPA’s, CFO’s, Controllers, Excel users, Income Tax Preparers, Enrolled Agents, Financial Consultants, IT Professionals, Auditors, Human Resource Personnel, Bookkeepers, Marketers and Government Personnel, professionals whom this webinar seeks to benefit.

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Ways of creating resilient and practical budget spreadsheets

The core of the learning of this webinar is how to create resilient and practical budget spreadsheets. David will familiarize participants with a wide range of helpful techniques, which include ways of separating inputs from calculations, streamlining formula writing, preserving key formulas, and creating both operating and cash flow budgets. An additional benefit is the explanation he will offer of the uses and benefits of a variety of Excel functions, including CHOOSE IFNA, IFERROR, and ISERROR ROUNDUP and ROUNDDOWN VLOOKUP and SUM and SUMIF.

This session is useful in more ways than one. David will demonstrate every technique at least twice first, on a PowerPoint slide with numbered steps, and second, in Excel 2016. Both during the presentation and in his detailed handouts; David will draw participants’ attention to the many differences in Excel 2013, 2010, and 2007. David will also offer an Excel workbook that includes most of the examples he uses during the webcast.

The core of this learning session is to impart the following learning objectives:

  • Learn to create both operating and cash flow budgets
  • Learn how to streamline formula writing
  • Transform filtering tasks using the Table feature
  • Understand the benefits associated with a variety of Excel functions
  • Apply and isolate all user entries to an inputs worksheet
  • Protect all calculations and budget schedules on worksheets
  • Use range names and the Table feature to create resilient and easy-to-maintain spreadsheets
  • Calculate borrowings from, and repayments toward, a working capital line of credit

David will cover the following areas at this webinar:

  • Avoiding the complexity of nested IF statements with Excel’s CHOOSE function
  • Streamlining formula writing by using the Use in Formula command
  • Improving the integrity of spreadsheets with Excel’s VLOOKUP function
  • Comparing IFNA, IFERROR, and ISERROR functions and learning which versions of Excel support these worksheet functions
  • Going beyond simple rounding with the ROUNDUP and ROUNDDOWN worksheet functions
  • Learning a simple design technique that greatly improves the integrity of Excel’s SUM function
  • Using the SUMIF function to summarize data based on a single criterion
  • Learning how range names can minimize errors, save time in Excel, serve as navigation aids, and store information in hidden locations
  • Learning how the Table feature allows you to transform filtering tasks
  • Preserving key formulas using Excel’s hide and protect features.

Food safety concerns and issues and ways of mitigating them

Food, despite being the most important human need, is fraught with many risks and hazards. The food chain, which consists of activities that cover everything from the proverbial farm to fork, passes through many points at which a harm of any nature can happen. The chances of risks to the food safety chain are all the more amplified in this age of globalization, when food travels through many regions and continents from its source to its destination.

The UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) has identified five major issues with the food chain. These are:

o  Hazards of a microbiological nature

o  Residues left over by pesticides

o  Food additives

o  Chemical contaminants, such as pesticides; and

o  Adulteration.

Many other risks

Of late, this list has been extended to include genetically modified organisms, allergens, veterinary drugs residues and growth promoting hormones used in the production of animal products.

Further, other hazards to the food chain include antibiotic resistance, demographics, meaning the proper distribution of food to the right people, the effects from the environment, and foodborne illnesses. This clearly shows that there is no dearth of sources of hazards in the food chain.

Defining food quality and food safety

While these are the commonly identified areas of the food chain that are considered hazardous; a more fundamental issue for food specialists is in defining food quality and food safety. These have different meanings for food specialists. Identification and elimination of all the hazards that make food injurious to the eater is part of food safety. Anything that gives and enhances the value of the food to the consumer is considered a characteristic of food quality. Food quality can also include any negative traits such as spoilage, discoloration, rotting and stench, all of which affect the quality of food.

In view of the nature and expanse of the points at which hazards can happen in the food chain; it is necessary that there has to be a global cooperative effort aimed at checking these and ensuring food safety. Ensuring food safety at the local, national and global levels requires a high level of cooperation and coordination, not to speak of the sheer perseverance needed for it. A number of safety and quality standards have been in place for the food industry to adhere to. Compliance with these regulations goes a long way in eliminating a number of hazards and ensuring the quality and safety of food along the chain.

A webinar on food safety

All the aspects of food safety will be covered at a webinar that is being organized by Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance.

Michael Brodsky, who brings varied and deep experience of over four decades into food safety aspects and holds the position of lead auditor/assessor in microbiology for the Canadian Association for Laboratory Accreditation (CALA) and is a member of the Board of Directors among many others, will be the speaker at this webinar. To understand all the aspects of food safety from the expert, please register for this webinar by visiting

http://www.compliance4all.com/control/w_product/~product_id=501352LIVE?Wordpress-SEO

Thorough understanding of all the aspects of food safety

At this webinar, Michael will address the complexity of defining safe food. All the important aspects of food safety, such as the changing nature of foodborne and food transmitted pathogens, new and emerging analytical technologies and the influence of demographics and geography on the changing landscape, and the roles and responsibilities for various stakeholders along the food chain in identifying and eliminating foodborne illnesses and contamination will be discussed at length.

With the world’s population burgeoning, especially in areas that are vulnerable to food safety issues, emerging pathogens present a set of new challenges to everyone in the food chain, such as food producers, food safety regulators, consumers and food microbiologists. Michael will highlight these issues and explain what responsibilities each of us has in ensuring that food is safe and what cooperative efforts we must all put towards attaining this objective.

Michael will cover the following areas during this webinar session:

o  Defining food safety

o  Risks and realities

o  Statistical reliability

o  New and emerging analytical technologies

o  The multiplicity of interacting factors

o  The changing landscape

o  Mitigating the risks.

Maximizing profits and patient outcomes in the backdrop of declining reimbursements

In the situation of falling revenues from Medicare billing, many practitioners are worried about the state of their future earnings. A very tangible factor that will help them tide over this problem is often overlooked: the Durable Medical Equipment (DME) program.

The DME program is a very reliable and long term source of income for Medicare practitioners. Yet, this is not considered seriously by most of them because of the various misconceptions that are associated with this program. Not only is the DME program absolutely valid legally; it is a terrific means by which practitioners can build a highly lucrative income avenue.

Building a steady revenue stream

Of course, there are a few provisions and conditions that need to be met if the DME program has to become successful. Being compliant with these requirements not only ensures that highly improved patient outcomes by protecting senior patients from unnecessary, debilitating surgeries that their bodies cannot cope up with at such a late stage of life; it also assures practitioners a steady income stream of the range of $10,000 a month, that too, with just one patient a day. This is all the more important in these times of decreasing patient traffic and professional services reimbursements from insurance companies but more so from Medicare, on the one hand, and increasing, even skyrocketing operating costs on the other.

The ways of attaining this kind of revenue stream will be taught at a very valuable webinar on this topic. It is being organized by Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance. The speaker at this session is Gregory Simms, who has provided this DME Revenue Program model successfully across the country for hundreds of medical practices in numerous practice specialties. He is known in industry circles as the man who developed his revolutionary new Durable Medical Equipment Revenue Program in the Healthcare Industry in 2006.

To get to understand what it takes to build a highly effective, compliant and lucrative DME program that meets its desired outcomes, please register for this webinar by logging on to http://www.compliance4all.com/control/w_product/~product_id=501329LIVE?Wordpress-SEO

A full exposition of the DME option

The core purpose of this session is to debunk popular myths about DME practice. For years, practitioners have been depriving themselves of this revenue stream because they have been referring the business to O&P shops, manufacturers or 3rd parties. The reason: The wrong belief that it is illegal and not profitable for them to adapt and implement a DME program.

Gregory will correct this fallacious line of thinking. If done following proper guidelines and regulations with appropriate protocols and processes, these can be developed into a full-fledged, profitable program that greatly enhances the value that practitioners provide to their patients, as well as their own practice.

All the tools needed for setting up a successful, compliant and effective DME program

At this webinar, Gregory will lead participants into the right direction on what is needed to set up a compliant DME program, starting with accreditation. He will show them how to obtain a DME PTAN license to bill Medicare and how to deal with their legal guidelines to prevent audits. He will show participants the ways of complying with Federal Guidelines such as the Stark Act & Anti-Kickback Statue. All these of course, will be carried out while ensuring a high degree of patient convenience and optimization of their clinical outcomes.

Doctors, owners or administrators of either general practice or of the Pain Management, Orthopedic, Neurological, Chiropractic, Podiatry, Physiatry, and Family Practice & Internal Medicine will benefit immensely from this session.

Gregory will cover the following areas at this webinar:

o  Business Opportunities

o  Legality

o  Myths vs. Reality

o  Operational Necessities Guidelines.