The U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s (CBP) introduced a major cargo enforcement strategy, the Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) in November 2001. A voluntary pact between government and business; C-TPAT is an important layer in firming up the international supply chain and increasing border security. It was created out of the realization that it is only the government agency, the CBP, which can provide security for cargo landing in American shores or destined for overseas locations, and that for it to do so, the players in the international supply chain, such as importers, consolidators, carriers, manufacturers, and licensed customs brokers have to work in close cooperation with it.
Based on the Security and Accountability for Every Port Act of 2006; the C-TPAT works by framing agreements with any entity that joins it. This C-TPAT agreement requires such a joining entity to take specific steps aimed at:
- Protecting the supply chain
- Identifying security gaps
- Implementing specific security measures and best practices.
Such an entity -a partner of the C-TPAT -is required to comply with a wide-ranging number of issues relating to the security of the cargo. It has to present details relating to the security of its cargo and should explain what action plans it has put into force aimed at ensuring security for the cargo throughout the supply chain. The C-TPAT certifies entities that have met its requirements. Today, more than 11,000 partners that span a wide variety of business activities work closely with the CBP.
The CBP considers cargo from C-TPAT partners to be of significantly lower risks than non-partners. These cargoes are likely to be given a more relaxed examination at any US port of entry than cargo emanating from a non-C-TPAT partner. This apart, enormous benefits follow from becoming a C-TPAT partner.
C-TPAT Compliance Strategies
All the dynamics and intricacies of a C-TPAT partnership, the ways of developing a standard for complying with it, as well as the current industry best practices relating to C-TPAT partnership, the strategies by which the cost and complexity of complying with the C-TPAT, and the ways of deriving the full benefits of the C-TPAT program
A complete overview of the C-TPAT
- S. Customs and Border Patrol
- C-TPAT Strategy Design
- C-TPAT Certification and Benefits
- International Terrorism as a Challenge
- Mitigation of Terrorist Threats
- Mutual Recognition Arrangements
- Best Industry Practices.