Challenges to analyzing financial statements

Analysis of financial statements, or Financial Statement Analysis or FSA, as the discipline is called, is the application of one’s analytical ability into understanding the financial statements of a company. This analysis is made to get insights into how the company has been performing financially over a defined period of time. Based on this understanding, financial analysts make forecasts of how the company is expected to perform in the future, based on certain parameters.

Financial experts get down to understanding the way in which one of the company’s most vital ingredients, finance, is performing. FSAs are the most truthful indication of not just how the company has been performing, but also how its performance is going to lead the company in the future. Being an important tool in analyzing the financial health of the company; FSAs reflect the financial state of the company. These statements help the management decide on the company’s future decision-making relating to investment.

Viewed by many stakeholders

Financial statements are critical statements from a company. They are viewed and analyzed by a number of internal and external sources. While the company’s board of directors, management, and employees belong to the group of people who analyze FSA’s internally; customers, shareholders, banks, lending institutions, the general public and the government are some of the external analysts of FSAs.

Financial experts analyze FSAs in two important manners: Horizontal and Vertical. At their barest, horizontal analysis represents the history of the company’s financial performance over a varied period of time, while vertical analysis is made of a fixed period of time.

Types of Financial Statement Analysis 

Ratio analysis

Ratio analysis is one of the important techniques of Financial Statement Analysis. It is the analysis of how the company has performed in core areas of its business.

DuPont analysis

Another important analysis tool of Financial Statement Analysis is what is called DuPont analysis. It extends the ratio analysis method by taking note of the areas of strengths and weaknesses in the company’s financial statements. It breaks up the aspects of the company’s financial statements into the sources, such as equity, investments or others, from which the company is earning its revenues.

Challenges in Financial Statement Analysis

Financial Statement Analysis comes with its challenges. Financial Statement Analysis works in a vacuum. There is no theory or point of reference to which the Financial Statement Analysis is made. It is based purely on each situation, and is thus vulnerable to extreme volatility in the analysis. The fact that a company’s Financial Statement Analysis is positive in a certain situation under certain factors is no indication of how it would be in the future, in different situations. There are too many large variables involved in Financial Statement Analysis.

When a company is operating a number of businesses; it is difficult to evaluate the performance of each of the businesses, especially if the businesses are diverse. There are no fixed parameters to judge the performance of each of them.

Also, when accounting practices change; the whole character of Financial Statement Analysis undergoes a metamorphosis. This makes it necessary to completely redraw the practice of Financial Statement Analysis.

Financial Statement Analysis is not always accurate in analyzing the strengths or weaknesses of many of the company’s intangible resources.

Get to understand the ways in which Financial Statement Analysis works

A complete understanding of Financial Statement Analysis, with a clear definition of the challenges involved in this practice, will be given at a webinar that is being organized by Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance. At this webinar, Kevin Chenoweth, who has expertise in designing project plans for multi-million dollar Oracle R12 financial leading to under budget and on-schedule projects, will be the speaker.

To get insights into the challenges involved in Financial Statement Analysis; please enroll for this webinar by visiting Financial Statements & Valuation

Kevin Chenoweth will cover both the telecommunication and technology industries at this session, and will show how company operations can be improved. He will also offer recommendations on trend and ratio analysis as applicable to diversified industries. He will also help participants evaluate sales trends and develop ways to increase sales.

He will deconstruct financial statements and help identify key drivers of organic and inorganic growth. This session is of high value to those involved in Financial Statement Analysis, such as Accounting Staff, Finance Staff, IT Staff, Sales & Development Staff, Business Directors, Auditors, Company/Business Owners, and Finance Managers.

The following areas will be covered at this webinar:

o  DuPont Analysis

o  Cash to Cash Cycle

o  Real Options for Decision Making

o  Understanding organic and inorganic growth

o  Ratio and Trend Analysis

o  Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis.

Cash management in ERP systems and Reconciling bank statements

Cash management is a major component in ERP systems such as Oracle. It is a module that offers information about the most critical component of the business, namely cash flow. Cash management processes and analyzes all of the business’ cash and bank transactions from a number of sources such as:

o  The payments made to a supplier as reflected in the invoices

o  The value of receipts got from the business’ sales invoices

o  Single or isolated payments not from any of these above categories

Another important role performed by the cash management module is that using it, the organization’s Finance personnel can analyze financial transactions of all kinds that happened during a selected period of time. Cash management in ERP also gives Finance the inputs that help them understand where the funds are coming in from, and how they need to be allocated and spent so that the company meets its payments-related obligations.

Functionality of Cash Management module

Usually, cash management modules in ERP systems are built to accommodate the following features:

o  Tracking Supplier Payment

o  Tracking the way in which sales invoice amounts receipts are made

o  Helping to forecast the cash flow

A learning session on cash management and bank statement set up and reconciliation

Do all these aspects of cash management sound confusing? It is to address these confusions and issues related to cash management that Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance, will be organizing a webinar.

Kevin Chenoweth, who has wide-ranging expertise in designing project plans for multi-million dollar Oracle R12 financial leading to under budget and on-schedule projects and has helped organizations complete full life-cycle implementations in the Oracle financials modules through effective leadership, will be the speaker at this webinar.

To hear Kevin offer his insights into cash management, which is a result of his having implemented Cash Management processes for both technology and manufacturing SMB and Fortune 500 companies such as Comcast and having addressed their particular challenges in streamlining their bank account structures and relationships to align them with their changing business structure and accounting systems; just enroll for this webinar by logging on to   http://www.compliance4all.com/control/w_product/~product_id=501331LIVE?Wordpress-SEO

The wealth of the speaker’s experience

During this course, Kevin will offer guidance and understanding about the fundamentals of Cash Management in ERP systems such as Oracle. Another important related activity, namely bank statement formats, will also be discussed, along with how to and when to apply them.

Kevin will discuss all the challenges associated with bank statement set up and reconciliation, namely how to handle various deposits in transit, outstanding checks, service charges, and non-sufficient fees. During this explanation, he will illustrate the experiences he had earlier in his career at organizations such as ComCast, where he helped prepare its merger with Time Warner with important works like streamlining its zero-balance accounts and regional banks.

Kevin will cover the following areas at this session:

o  Bank reconciliations for various types of transactions

o  Streamlining of accounts to match company strategy

o  Consolidation of accounts to match company strategy

o  Preparation of banking relationships for a merger

o  Zero Balance accounts and how to manage them

o  Understanding of cash flows in strategic initiatives

o  How cash flows interact with financial statements

http://www.managementstudyguide.com/cash-management-module-erp.htm

Most common mistake is failure to prepare Form 1099-MISC

The IRS 1099-MISC form is one of the very important forms that need to be filled by a number of entities such as businesses, estates, trusts and non-profits at the end of each calendar year.

The IRS 1099-MISC is filed and filed for each person to whom a payment has been made during the year:

  • royalties or payments made to brokers for a value of at least $ 10 in place of dividends or interest that is tax-exempt;
  • payment of not less than $600 in the following categories:
  • rents
  • services carried out by a non-employee
  • awards and prizes
  • income payments from other sources
  • payments for healthcare and medical items
  • proceeds from crop insurance
  • payments made in cash to buy aquatic creatures from a person who is in that business or trade
  • payment made from a notional principal contract to either an estate, partnership or individual;
  • attorney fees
  • proceeds from a fishing boat
  • Direct sales of consumer products of a value of not less than $5,000 made to a buyer and meant for resale in any outlet that does not qualify to be a permanent, regular retail establishment.

Areas in which mistakes are made in filling up IRS 1099-MISC

The fact is that the IRS 1099-MISC form is the IRS 1099 form that comes with the maximum errors. Why is this so? What are the kinds of errors that people who file the IRS 1099-MISC are most prone to?

Among the most important areas in which people make errors most commonly in the IRS 1099-MISC form are these:

–       Mismatch between the payee’s name and the payee’s Identification Number, with confusion over the Social Security Number, or Taxpayer’s Identification Number, or Employer’s Identification Number. In many cases, the amount is seldom entered incorrectly in the provided boxes

–       Many people make errors in preparing Form 1099-MISC for payment of services of a value of over $600

–       Another major area in which errors occur in filling up IRS 1099-MISC is in the section in which to fill up the requisite amount, whether in Block 3, Block 7 Nonemployee Compensation, or Other Income.

Get to understand the proper method of preparing, filling and filing IRS 1099-MISC

It is to help overcome these fallacies that Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance will be organizing a learning session. At this webinar, which will be spread over 90 minutes, Greta Hicks, a former IRS Revenue Agent and Regional Training Coordinator, the author of IRS Examination and Appeals Procedures, and pilot tester of on-line continuing education courses for Checkpoint Learning, will be the speaker.

Want to gain insights into the workings of the IRS 1099-MISC?

Then, please register for this webinar by logging on to http://www.compliance4all.com/control/w_product/~product_id=501195LIVE?Wordpress-SEO

At this session, Greta will equip participants with the timeframe required for preparing to file for IRS 1099-MISC. She will state the correct methods of preparing for and filing these forms. By the time participants complete this course, they will have had a clear understanding of how to evaluate the W9 and prepare an IRS 1099-MISC with all the blocks appropriately ticked and completed, with suggestions about the content of each of these boxes. They will be able to select the entities and payments reported on Form 1099-MISC, will gain the confidence required to ensure that the Name and EIN, ID, and SSN match, and also be able to ensure that amounts are in the correct block.

To help participants get a clear idea of filing for IRS 1099-MISC, she will explain the following:

o  Review W-9 for accuracy and completeness

o  Match W-9 SSN, EIN, and TIN to IRS records

o  Entities that should send 1099 MISC

o  Entities who should receive a 1099-MISC

o  Block by block instructions of 1099-MISC.

At this webinar, Greta will cover the following areas:

o  What name and EIN/SSN goes on the 1099-MISC?

o  How do I know what amount goes in which block?

o  Example: Block 3, Other Income, versus Block 7, Non-Employee Compensation

o  Example: Block 7, Non-Employee Compensation Paid to Attorneys or Block, 14, Gross Proceeds Paid to an Attorney

o  Example: Block 6, Medical and Health Care Payments

o  Select the entities and payments reported on Form 1099-MISC.

https://www.irs.gov/uac/about-form-1099misc

International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) 6

The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) standards are a set of standards pertaining to different industries and their activities and practices. IFRS 6 relates to guidance in the accounting practices of the extractive industries, such as oil, mining and gas. The IFRS 6 accounting standard states the requirements, as well as the disclosures that need to go into accounting practices for expenses that a company incurs during the course of exploring and evaluating expenditures.

Till the enactment of the IFRS 6, regulations on the accounting practices of the extractive industries were fragmented and piecemeal. The major change the IFRS 6 brought about it is that it consolidated these practices. Also, with the passage of IFRS 6, entities that were using accounting practices for exploration and evaluation assets that were in use prior to the enactment of the IFRS 6 could integrate these earlier practices with the provisions of the IFRS 6.

Core accounting requirements

One of its core requirements is that of the issuance of IFRS compliant financial statements by companies that have assets used for exploration and evaluation of mineral resources.

So, it is imperative for accounting professionals to have full knowledge of the IFRS 6. Working with the oil, mining or gas areas in companies that have assets that are used for exploration and valuation of mineral resources and being successful entails having to comply with the requirements set out by the IFRS 6.

A proper understanding of the IFRS 6

A learning session that is being organized by Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for the areas of regulatory compliance, will offer the learning needed for getting trained on how to comply with the requirements set out in IFRS 6.

At this webinar, Mike Morley A Certified Public Accountant and business author who organizes various training programs, such as IFRS, SOX, and Financial Statement Analysis that focus on providing continuing education opportunities for finance and accounting professionals, will be the speaker.

Professionals who work in the oil, mining or gas areas in companies that have assets that are used for exploration and valuation of mineral resources can gain insights into what the IFRS 6 means for them by enrolling for this webinar. To register, please visit

http://www.compliance4all.com/control/w_product/~product_id=501194?Wordpress-SEO

Familiarization with all the aspects of the IFRS 6

The aim of this presentation is to help oil; mining and gas professionals become knowledgeable about the latest information about IFRS 6. The speaker will familiarize participants with the unique accounting and reporting issues, particularly in regards to the evaluation of assets, revenues and expenditures that professionals in the extractive industries, involved in the search for mineral resources, including oil, gas, minerals, and similar exhaustible resources face.

Accounting professionals who work in these industries, and who need in-depth understanding of the way the IFRS 6 is structured, and the ways in which they need to apply the standards in the right manner, such as Auditors, Accountants, Financial Managers, Financial Controllers, Company Executives, and anyone involved in the SOX compliance process, will benefit immensely from this webinar on the accounting practices set out by IFRS 6.

At this session on the IFRS 6, the speaker will cover the following areas:

o  Why the accounting for this sector is different

o  How resource assets are evaluated

o  Special rules for measuring revenues and expenditures

o  How revaluation rules apply to the Oil, Gas, and Mining industries

o  Other specific requirements of IFRS 6

o  Required disclosures.

http://www.accaglobal.com/in/en/student/exam-support-resources/dipifr-study-resources/technical-articles/ifrs6.html

http://www.icaew.com/en/library/subject-gateways/accounting-standards/ifrs/ifrs-6

https://www.iasplus.com/en/standards/ifrs/ifrs6

Analyzing financial statements is an indispensable insight for managers

Financial statements are the ultimate indicator of a company’s financial health. Number crunching is a very important exercise that all executives at all levels of an organization need to be familiar with. Yet, given the heavy jargon that goes into financial statements and the complexity most of them have; many managers feel put off and don’t generally like to pore over financial statements.

The company’s financial statement is intended to provide insights into the most important aspect of the business –the financial one –to managers and executives at all levels and in all disciplines. Marketing, finance, HR, customer service, and sales need financial statements to get a grasp of and gain perspective of the financial health of the organization.

Financial statements are critical for helping understand the business

Despite financial statements being the surest indicator of the most important aspect of any business organization –Finance –most managers lack the perceptiveness needed to understand and analyze the meaning of numbers. It is often that they devote some much time to running their business that the priority that needs to be accorded to understanding financial statements gets buried and takes a backseat.

A perceptive analysis of financial statements is the foundation to getting the business in order. Wading through the numbers helps the organization to dig into the market trends, understand where they are getting it right or wrong, and then use financial statements to draw proper conclusions and take appropriate action. It is important to understand financial statements for another critical reason: The competition should not understand our financial statements faster and better than we do!

Trend and ration analysis of financial statements

But how does one make sense of heaps and heaps of seemingly unintelligible numbers? Numbers in themselves, without the necessary nous to decipher them, make little sense to any executive. A few techniques do exist to help understand the meaning of numbers. An effective model for assessing the financial condition and results of operations of any business is that of using trend and ratio analysis. Getting a grasp of this model will empower financial and other executive teams to derive the maximum benefit that accrues from a crystal clear understanding of financial statements.

Imparting this understanding is the intent of a webinar that is being organized by Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all areas of regulatory compliance. Miles Hutchinson, an experienced CGMA and business adviser, will be the speaker at this session.

In easily comprehensible terms, he will explain how participants can imbibe the sagacity needed to quickly and thoroughly analyze the financial condition and results of operations of any publicly traded company. All that is needed to gain this highly useful understanding of financial statements is to register for this webinar by logging on to

http://www.compliance4all.com/control/w_product/~product_id=501197LIVE?wordpress-SEO

Attending this highly useful session on financial statements gives Financial Executives, HR Managers, Accounting Managers, Department Managers, and Business Unit Managers the ability to discern numbers and help understand where these numbers lead the organization to.

These are the areas this webinar on financial statements will cover:

o  Review the components of the annual report of a prominent publicly traded company and learn how to use this wealth of information

o  Use the annual report to perform a fundamental financial analysis

o  Learn the various types of financial analysis and their purpose

o  Learn the key ratios to evaluate a company’s liquidity, leverage and operating performance

o  Identify the key benchmarks to help determine whether a company’s ratios are in line with competitors

o  Understand horizontal and vertical analysis and how they can be used to identify key trends

o  Bonus: receive our advanced excel hosted financial model complete with all ratios, horizontal and vertical analysis

o  Use our model to perform financial analysis on other company financial statements, including yours

o  Receive benchmark information to use in determining the quality of your analyses

Learn about resources available to perform comparative studies between companies in the same economic sector – even private companies.

The Attribute Agreement Analysis

Humans can be calibrated, although most people like to think otherwise. The commonly used standard, Attribute Agreement Analysis, or what is called AAA, is a handy tool in helping to do this. At its barest, Attribute Agreement Analysis is a method in which the level of agreement or conformance between the appraisal made by the appraiser(s) and the standard is assessed. Then, the elements used for the appraisal that have the highest levels of disagreement with the standard are identified.

The two methods of the Attribute Agreement Analysis

The Attribute Agreement Analysis uses two primary methods of assessing the agreement of the attribute with the standard:

–       The percentage or extent to which the appraisals agree with the standard

–       Kappa statistics, or the percentage or extent to which adjustment is made between the agreement between the appraisals and the standard and the percentage of agreement that happens by chance

The three aspects of Attribute Agreement Analysis

Attribute Agreement Analysis has three aspects: Agreement with oneself, Agreement to a peer, and Agreement to the standard. When calibrating humans, the use of Attribute Agreement Analysis calls for control plans that need to be in put in place for “MSA” analysis on key processes. An AAA may be described as a “Measurement Systems Analysis” (MSA) for attributes.

The Attribute Agreement Analysis method is useful to auditing professionals, to whom it makes sense to understand the effectiveness of these methods when these are used by their clientele and/or in their own organization.

Gain learning of Attribute Agreement Analysis

The ways by which Attribute Agreement Analysis can be comprehended and used effectively will be the learning a webinar being organized by Compliance4All, a provider of cost-effective regulatory compliance trainings for a wide range of regulated industries, is offering.

The speaker at this webinar is Jd Marhevko, Vice President of Quality and Lean for Accuride Corporation, who has been involved in Operations and Quality/Lean/Six Sigma efforts across a variety of industries for more than 25 years. To gain insights into the inner aspects of Attribute Agreement Analysis, please register for this webinar by logging on to

http://www.compliance4all.com/control/w_product/~product_id=501073?Wordpress-SEO

The “Statistical AAA” and the Kappa value

At this webinar, Jd will review both the “Statistical AAA” and the Kappa value, as well as the confidence levels for the result bands and incorporation of AAA into the Control Plan and frequency of calibration.

She will assess the pros and cons while discussing the general benefits of reductions in arguments (what is good or not) internal/ external rework, returns, premium freight, etc.

A number of uses from the Attribute Agreement Analysis method

This explanation will help participants understand ways by which they can apply this tool while learning how to bring down business costs. Jd will evaluate the benefits of human calibration by reviewing the three basic types of agreements.

The important learning this session will give is that it will enable participants to learn the ways of developing, creating, executing and interpreting an Attribute Agreement Analysis so that an accurate and repeatable disposition can be made and rework and returns can be effectively reduced.

At this webinar on Attribute Agreement Analysis, which will be highly useful to professionals such as Quality and Engineering system practitioners, Directors, Engineers, Analysts and Managers, Jd will cover the following areas:

o  To help people understand how AAA can be effectively utilized for mitigating business loss

o  Increased understanding of how to actually perform the analysis

o  Build confidence in the ability to calibrate a human operator.

http://support.minitab.com/en-us/minitab/17/Assistant_Attribute_Agreement_Analysis.pdf

http://support.minitab.com/en-us/minitab/17/topic-library/quality-tools/measurement-system-analysis/attribute-agreement-analysis/what-is-an-attribute-agreement-analysis-also-called-attribute-gage-r-r-study/

Alternatives to AQL sampling plans do exist

Alternatives to AQL sampling plans do exist, but companies need to be aware of them and explore them. Acceptance Quality Limit, or AQL, is applied as a benchmark in most manufacturing organizations to inspect the quality of products they purchase. It is only when the product meets AQL that the receipt is acknowledged and the payment made.

So, what is AQL?

What is AQL? In simple terms, AQL, which expands to Acceptance Quality Limit, is what may be termed as the least or the worst or lowest level of tolerable process means that can be accepted for the quality of product. It is the ratio or percentage level below which quality cannot be lowered to be termed acceptable.

Acceptance Quality Level is accepted as a standard business practice by most medical device companies. Attribute sampling based on ANSI/ASQ Z1.4 and Zero Acceptance Number Sampling Plans by Nicholas L. Squeglia continue to be the most common applications used by companies.

Considering a viable alternative to AQL sampling plans

Although popular, these common methods are not always the best approaches. This is not to belittle the effectiveness of this method, but to just point out that these are in themselves insufficient. Medical devices need to be aware of a variety of methods and when and how to use them.

Establishing “processes needed to demonstrate [product] conformity” is a requirement from ISO 9001 and ISO 13485. Similarly, the FDA’s GMP (21CFR820) requires that “sampling methods are adequate for their use”. Further, an FDA guideline states that “A manufacturer shall be prepared to demonstrate the statistical rationale for any sampling plan used”.

However, an AQL sampling plan does not provide what is needed to meet either of those requirements. Using only Attribute sampling based on ANSI/ASQ Z1.4 and Squeglia’s Zero Acceptance Number Sampling Plans, it is not possible to actually “demonstrate” that an AQL sampling plan ensures product quality.

This is where “Confidence/reliability” calculations come in as alternatives to AQL sampling plans. They are a better way to assess the quality of purchased parts. It is easy to make such calculations using tables and/or an electronic spreadsheet. It is also easy to use confidence/reliability calculations to provide evidence of product quality. The statistical rationale for such calculations is easy to explain and demonstrate, which is why these calculations constitute strong and reliable alternatives to AQL sampling plans.

A learning session on the alternatives to AQL sampling plans

These alternatives to AQL sampling plans will be the core of a learning session that Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance, will be organizing. John N. Zorich, a senior consultant for the medical device manufacturing industry, will be the Speaker at this webinar, to enroll for which, all that is needed is to visit http://www.compliance4all.com/control/w_product/~product_id=501099LIVE/~sel=LIVE/~John_N.%20Zorich/~Better_Alternatives_to_AQL_Sampling_Plans_for_Risk_Management_in_Incoming_QC

A complete heads-up on the alternatives to AQL sampling plans

At this webinar on the alternatives to AQL sampling plans, the speaker will explain the pros and cons of ANSI Z1.4, and Squeglia’s C=0 in detail. He will highlight the weaknesses of such plans vis-à-vis meeting regulatory requirements. John will offer real-world examples of how using such sampling plans leads to production of non-conforming product to fortify the learning on the alternatives to AQL sampling plans.

He will also examine ISO and FDA regulations and guidelines regarding the use of statistics, especially in regards to Sampling Plans. As part of alternatives to AQL sampling plans, John will explain the advantages of “confidence/reliability” calculations are explained. Such calculations are demonstrated for Attribute data (pass/fail, yes/no data) as well as for variables data (i.e., measurements). If variables data is “Normally distributed”, the calculations are extremely simple. The webinar explains how to handle “non-Normal” data, and provides the methods, formulas, and tools to handle such situations.

The webinar on alternatives to AQL sampling plans ends with a discussion of how one OEM manufacturer has implemented “confidence/reliability” calculations instead of AQL sampling plans for all of its clients. The speaker will offer suggestions for how to use “confidence/reliability” QC specifications instead of “AQL” QC specifications. The use of “reliability plotting” for assessing product reliability during R&D is also discussed.

The speaker will talk on the following topics during this session:

·                    AQL and LQL sampling plans

·                    OC Curves

·                    AOQL

·                    ANSI Z1.4

·                    Squeglia’s C=0

·                    Confidence/Reliability calculations for

o                 Attribute data

o                 Normally-distributed variables data

o                 Non-Normal data

·                    Transformations to Normality

·                    K-tables

·                    Normal Probability Plot

·                    Reliability Plotting