EPA’s new Revised Section 608 Refrigerant Management Regulations

In late 2016, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) revised Section 608, which deals with refrigerant management regulations. A number of requirements under this section are set to change. They concern the handling requirements that are applicable to ozone depleting refrigerants, and fortify the existing regulations by incorporating a number of best practices to extend these to hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).

The EPA has estimated that these revisions, when implemented, will cut down emissions from products such as refrigerators and air conditioners, which have a detrimental effect on the climate, to the tune of 7.3 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2eq) and 114 ozone-depletion weighted metric tons (ODP tons) annually.

The Rule in a nutshell

Set out with the intention of reducing the emissions from refrigerants of ozone-depleting substances; the essence of the new EPA rule can be summarized under the following:

–       The Refrigerant Management Program has now been enlarged to include substitute refrigerants such as HFCs. A few such substitute refrigerants were exempt earlier from Section 608

–       It sets a lower leak threshold for ozone-depleting implements such as refrigerators and air conditioners that contain 50 lbs. or more refrigerants. This is the new, lowered leak threshold slab:

o  30% for industrial process refrigeration (IPR) from 35%

o  20% for commercial refrigeration equipment from 35%

o  10% for comfort cooling equipment from 15%.

–       Additionally, the new revised Section 608 requires quarterly or annual maintenance leak inspections for equipment that exceed the threshold leak rate limit

–       It also requires operators and owners to report systems that exceed the limit of 50 lbs. or refrigerant leak by one and a quarter times in a year

–       It defines products whose sale is restricted because of the excess leak rate.

–       The new revised EPA Section 608 also requires technicians to document the refrigerant that they recover during disposal for systems that have a charge size varying from five to 50 lbs.

Gain clarity on the EPA’s new revised Section 608

All the ways of understanding and practically implementing the provisions of the EPA’s new revised Section 608 will be offered with clarity at a webinar that is being organized by Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all the areas of regulatory compliance.

This webinar will have Keith Warwick, a professor at Yuba College in Marysville California and instructor at the University of Washington, who has significant experience teaching engineering, safety and related subjects, as speaker. To understand the nitty-gritty of the EPA’s revised Section 608 and ensure that you do not invite punitive actions from the agency, please register for this webinar by visiting EPA Section 608

Delving into all the aspects of the new revised Section 608

This webinar will discuss all the elements pertaining to the EPA’s new revised Section 608, such as technician certification, refrigerant sales restriction, service practices, recovery and recycling equipment, recordkeeping, repairing refrigerant leaks, appliance disposal, and refrigeration reclamation.

Keith will also explain how ozone depleting substances (ODS) are split into two groups under the Clean Air Act, class I ODS such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFS) and class II ODS such as hydro chlorofluorocarbons (HCFC).

The major gain of attending this webinar is that it will help the participants to understand the EPA’s new revised Section 608, which will help them to avoid violations, citations and fines. Violations of the EPA’s new revised Section 608 leads to citations which require addition of physical improvements, which can be expensive. The EPA can also shut down a facility for an extended period.

Keith will cover the following areas at this webinar:

o  General discussion of the Clean Air Act

o  How to utilize consultants

o  Technician certification

o  Refrigeration reclamation

o  Recovery and recycling equipment

o  Regulatory involvement with facility and process

o  Discussion of class 1 ODS

o  Discussion of Class 2 ODS.

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The importance of Design of Experiments (DoE)

Design of Experiments (DoE) is an important component in many industries. It is a series of tests or runs that is carried out repeatedly and consistently over a period of time, and its outputs or responses, observed. Design of Experiments is very important in industry to help arrive at an understanding of the predictability and reproducibility of an experiment.

Design of Experiments is a very important aspect of the important elements of a product, such as quality, reliability and performance. What Design of Experiments does is that it helps to examine and investigate the inputs that lead to poor quality. This insight leads the entity carrying out the Design of Experiments to use these to improve their quality standards.

 

Ruling out chance

Design of Experiments does not rely on chance or providence to bring about the quality that is required of an experiment. It arrives at the optimal set of procedures that are needed to get the required quality standards after a series of tests and experiments, so that the final result shows in the process that goes into the product.

Fundamentally, Design of Experiments helps to put in place a system of control for a product. All the ingredients that go into the inputs needed for obtaining a product of a defined standard or quality are scientific and precise. This precision and accuracy is arrived at after carrying out as many runs or series of Design of Experiments as needed to finally arrive at it.

An introduction to Design of Experiments

The ways of understanding Design of Experiments and applying their standards into production will be the topic of a webinar that is being organized by Compliance4All, a leading provider of professional trainings for all areas of regulatory compliance. At this webinar, the speaker, William Levinson, an ASQ Fellow, Certified Quality Engineer, Quality Auditor, Quality Manager, Reliability Engineer, and Six Sigma Black Belt, who is the principal of Levinson Productivity Systems, P.C., will explain the fundamentals of Design of Experiments.

To gain a proper understanding of the principles of Design of Experiments and to get a grasp of how to implement this concept into your systems, please register for this webinar by logging on to http://www.compliance4all.com/control/w_product/~product_id=501202?Wordpress-SEO

An understanding of the significance level in hypothesis testing

William will make participants understand how to use Design of Experiments to identify and rule out the particular item or input that affects quality. The concept of significance level in hypothesis testing, which will serve as a basis for not only DoE, but also Statistical Process Control and acceptance sampling, will be explained.

A description of the other uses of DoE, such as supporting Corrective and Preventive Action (CAPA) and in process improvement, where it helps to identify and optimize the factors influenced by Critical to Quality (CTQ) characteristic, will be part of the learning that is on offer at this webinar.

 

 

Levinson will cover the following areas at this webinar:

·        Economic benefits of DOE

·        Hypothesis testing: the foundation of DOE, SPC, and acceptance sampling

o  Null and alternate hypothesis

o  Type I or alpha risk of concluding wrongly that the experiment differs from the control (or that a process is out of control, or that an acceptable production lot should be rejected)

o  Type II or beta risk of not detecting a difference between the control and the experiment, not detecting an out of control condition, and accepting a production lot that should be rejected

·        Factors, levels, and interactions

o  Interaction = “the whole is greater or less than the sum of its parts”. One variable at a time experiments cannot detect interactions.

·        Randomization and blocking exclude extraneous variation sources from the experiment.

·        Replication means taking multiple measurements to increase the experiment’s power.

·        Interpret the experiment’s results in terms of the significance level, or quantifiable “reasonable doubt” that the experiment differs from the control.

http://support.minitab.com/en-us/minitab/17/topic-library/modeling-statistics/doe/basics/what-is-a-designed-experiment/

Importance of the Construction Industry to the Economy

Both directly and indirectly, one of the prime contributors to the modern economy is the construction industry. The construction industry is one of the prime partners and drivers of economic growth in every country. It is not an exaggeration to say that the level of development in the construction industry is an indicator of the economic health. Let us examine this statement:

Firstly, the most important contribution the construction industry makes to the economy is infrastructure. Infrastructure is the very soul of today’s development. It is at the very core of modern nation states. The soundness of a country’s infrastructure has a direct bearing on the economy, because infrastructure is the crucial cogwheel that makes business possible.

Infrastructure, the all-important foundation for development

Infrastructure facilitates business like no other mechanism. The better the infrastructure, the more developed the business sector is, because infrastructure is the vital artery of the economy. The importance of the construction industry to the economy can be judged by the speed at which it enables business. Good infrastructure is a highly important factor in leading to lesser time spent on peripheral activities. The proportion of time spent on mundane and nonproductive activities like travelling is directly linked to the level of infrastructure.

Greater speed of travel means faster decisions on business. One of the major differences between developed and developing economies lies in the level of development of infrastructure. Lower rated economies suffer the handicap of less developed infrastructure, which affects the speed at which business is done, while the reverse is true of developed economies. Thus, construction, being at the core of infrastructure, plays a pivotal role in the economy.

Construction has a role in health delivery and overall economic growth

The role of the construction industry to the economy is also direct in many ways. The importance of the construction industry to the economy can also be judged by the fact that poor infrastructure leads to reduced health outcomes in a number of ways. A major portion of the day’s work spent on the road in bad conditions leads to factors like irritation and exasperation, leading to poorer health in the long run.

Well-planned and well-constructed healthcare centers are a major source of contribution to good health. The presence of good facilities at nursing centers, a direct result of good construction standards, contributes to good health.

The role of the construction industry to the economy in bringing this about can never be overstated. The presence of hospitals and other care giving centers in remote parts of the countryside ensures good health to citizens in far-flung parts of a country.

Likewise, development of shopping facilities in remote areas of a country can also mean better business, because products reach out to the farthest areas of a country, engendering more consumption and better living standards.

No matter from which perspective it is seen; the fact of the vitality of the role of the construction industry to the economy is something that can never be overlooked.

http://www.compliance4all.com/